Coimbatore houses a large number of small, medium and large textile mills. It also has textile research institutes like the Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR)- Southern Regional station, South Indian Textiles Research Association (SITRA) and the Sardar Vallabhai Patel International School of Textiles and Management. The city also houses two of the Centers Of Excellences (COE) for technical textiles proposed by Government of India, namely Meditech, a medical textile research centre based at SITRA, and InduTech based in PSG College of Engineering and Technology.The Coimbatore region is famed for the quality of its cotton and dyed fabric. A large produce of the manufacture is exported to different countries. Exports include knitwear, woven apparel and home furnishings.
The growth of textiles naturally led to the inception of textile machinery manufacturing. Today, some of the best known global brands in textile machinery and component manufacturing are home grown enterprises. Even in the late 1800s, Coimbatore district had cotton cleaning and pressing factories and was exported to Mumbai (then Bombay) and England. A spinning mill was established around this time and even back then, the textile industry employed over 300 people. The Southern India Mills' Association (SIMA) was established in 1933, is very active in the Coimbatore region and governs most of the textile industry in South India. SIMA has a membership spread across the southern states and protects the interests of the textile mills and its workers.
The neighbouring town of Tirupur is home to some of Asia's largest garment manufacturing companies, exporting hosiery clothes worth more than INR 50,000 million.
Information technology and BPO
The city is the second largest software producer in Tamil Nadu, next only to Chennai. IT and BPO industry in the city has grown greatly with the launch of TIDEL park and other planned IT parks in and around the city. It is ranked at 17th among the global outsourcing cities. Huge Companies like Aditi Technologies, Cognizant Technology Solutions, Wipro, FORD, Robert Bosch GmbH, IBM, Tata Consultancy Services, Tata Elxsi, Dell, CSS Corp and KGISL having a presence in the city.